How does back pressure affect valve set pressure and capacity?

Back pressure reduces set pressure on a one-to-one basis, i.e., a valve set at 100 psig subjected to a backpressure at the outlet of 10 psig will not actuate until system pressure reaches 110 psig. Back pressure drastically reduces capacity; typically, backpressure of 10% of set pressure will decrease capacity by 50%.

Specific capacity reduction should be determined by the user on a case-by-case basis by flow testing. Back pressure in excess of 10% of set pressure is not recommended.